Introduction

 

 

Köthen (Anhalt)

The New Fruitbearing Society is based in Köthen. It continues the tradition of cultivating language started by the first German language society, which was founded by Ludwig I, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen in 1617. The society offers exhibitions in the Köthen Castle and various events are held focusing on the cultivation of the German language.

 

Reppichau

Eike von Repgow complied and created the most important law book of the Middle Ages, the Sachsenspiegel, the oldest linguistic monument of German prose. The Kunstprojekt Sachsenspiegel (Art Project Sachsenspiegel) in Reppichau transforms the town into an open-air museum of medieval legal history, which is unique in Germany.

 

Gräfenhainichen

Gräfenhainichen is the birth place of the Protestant hymn writer Paul Gerhardt (1607 – 1676). The neo-classical Paul-Gerhardt-Kapelle (Paul Gerhardt Chapel) and its Paul Gerhardt Exhibition are worth a visit.

 

Mansfeld

Martin Luther spent his childhood and early adolescence in Mansfeld. His parental home gives the viistor get a realistic impression of the environment he grew up in and how he was influenced by. The Bürger-Museum is dedicated to the Münchhausen-poet Gottfried August Bürger, who was born and raised in Molmerswende.

 

Eisleben

Eisleben is not only where Martin Luther was born and died, the town also influenced his linguistic creativity, which had an impact on the creation on how Modern High German was written language. Luther delivered his last sermons in St Andreas Church.

 

Allstedt

Reformer Thomas Müntzer worked in Allstedt, which was a Kaiserpfalz and a site of the Reformation. This was the place where he he held an all-German service for the very first time. Müntzer made a significant contribution to the German language with his writings and lyrics.

 

Merseburg

Merseburg, one of the oldest towns in Central Germany, is the home of a university and a cathedral. The town on the banks of the Saale River is known world-wide for the Merseburg Incantations, the oldest linguistic monument of Germanic paganism written in Old High German.

 

Weißenfels

In his novel Heinrich von Ofterdingen Novalis established the Blue Flower, a symbol of Early Romanticism. The poet lived in Weißenfels from the age of 13 until his death at the age of 28. An exhibition located at the Novalis Memorial commemorates his life and work.

 

Gotha

Gotha, home to the Almanach de Gotha, significantly influenced education, publishing and theatre and was a favourite destination of Luther, Voltaire or Goethe. Museums and the library at Castle Friedenstein are popular destinations for literary enthusiasts.

 

Schleiz

The Rutheneum - birth place of the DUDEN. Konrad Duden compiled his first spelling rules in Schleiz. The museum inside the house showcases Konrad Duden’s work and the history of book, he created (The complete Orthopaphic Dictionary of German).

 

Kamenz

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was born in Kamenz in 1729 and also spent his childhood here. Since 2011 Lessing has been the focus of a new permanent exhibition in the Lessing Museum, which originally opened in 1931. Visitors can discover authentic places in Kamenz where he spent of his early years.

 

Dessau-Roßlau

Under Prince Leopold III Frederick Franz, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau (1740 – 1817) Dessau was a centre of Enlightenment. The Research Library with about 15,000 historical volumes is located in the Philanthropin, which was founded by Basedow in 1774.

 

Buchdorf Mühlbeck-Friedersdorf

Mühlbeck-Friedersdorf is Germany’s first Buchdorf (book village). It has aimed to collect, cultivate and spread writings in German. There are ten antiquarian booksellers at eight locations; public readings by authors are hosted regularly.

 

Goethestadt Bad Lauchstädt

The Kurtheater (Goethe Theatre), which still has the original stage machinery, was built in 1802 in Lauchstädt and is one of the most important memorial sites of Goethe’s work. Guided tours as well as a stroll through the spa gardens makes a wonderful way to conclude a visit to Bad Lauchstädt.

 

Lutherstadt Wittenberg

Wittenberg is the cradle of Reformation. The Castle Church with its famous Thesentür is located here as well as the graves of Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthons. Lucas Cranachs also worked in Wittenberg. Luther’s former home hosts the biggest Reformation museum worldwide.

 

Grimma

Grimma located on the river Mulde and is closely assiciated with German literature. Paul Gerhardt went to school in Grimma. Here Göschen created his own private idyll and Seume’s Spaziergang nach Sykarus was started here.